MAXIMUM WORKERS BECOME UNEMPLOYED DURING A LOCKDOWN: SURVEY BY AZIM PREMJI UNIVERSITY
Being jobless was the guiltiest for self-employed in urban areas, with 84 percent of them losing employment, compared with 76 percent salaried workers and 81 percent casual workers.
Approximately two-thirds, or 67 percent, of workers, lost employment during the endless lockdown to dispute the COVID-19, with urban India broadcasting a loss in employment for 8 in 10 workers and nearly 6 in 10 workers in rural areas, as per preliminary conclusions of a phone survey of nearly 4,000 respondents performed by Azim Premji University in collaboration with 10 civil society organizations
The analysis was conducted in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra (Pune), Odisha, Rajasthan, Telangana, and West Bengal to measure the consequence of the lockdown on employment, livelihoods, and entry to government solace schemes.
Loss of employment was terrible for self-employed in urban areas, with 84 percent of them forfeiting employment, associated with 76 percent salaried workers, and 81 percent occasional workers. In rural areas, 66 percent of casual earnings workers broadcasted a loss of employment, pursued by 62 percent of workers, and 47 percent of rural workers.
Average weekly income for non-agricultural self-employed workers who were however employed fell by over 90 percent from Rs 2,240 to Rs 218. For occasional workers who were still employed, average weekly revenue almost halved from Rs 940 in February to Rs 495 during the lockdown, the survey reported. Half of all salaried workers, or 51 percent, saw either a dent in their salary or earned no salary.
Nearly half (49 percent) of households reported that they did not have sufficient money to purchase even a week’s worth of necessary items, while 80 percent of urban households and 70 percent in rural areas reported expending less food than before. As per the survey, over one-third, or 36 percent, of susceptible households in urban India, earned at least one cash transfer from the government, while 53 percent of rural families collected this advantage.
News source: The Indian Express