On Wednesday, The Union Cabinet accepted the new National Education Policy (NEP) in order to introduce various changes in the Indian education system from the school level to the college level.
Multiple entries and exit options in degree courses, low stakes board exams, a single regulator for higher education institutions, discontinuation of MPhil programs, common entrance exams for universities are some of the changes highlighted in the new National Education Policy.
Addressing journalists, Prakash Javadekar, Union minister said the progressions are significant as the approach, which was encircled in 1986 and reexamined in 1992, had not been modified from that point forward.
The name of the HRD ministry is also changed to the education ministry.
Some important changes under the New National Education Policy are:
1. Under the new policy, MPhil courses will be discontinued and all UG, PG, and Ph.D. level courses will now be interdisciplinary.
2. A single regular will lead all higher educational institutions.
3. Students focus on rote learning in their board exams to score maximum marks. The school will test students’ knowledge as a matter of the highest superiority.
4. Three languages will be instructed till class 5: home language, mother tongue, and regional language.
5. Core concepts will be introduced in the school curriculum With the addition of vocational education from Class 6.
6. Instead of marks and statements, the report cards will be based on skills and capabilities.
7. Basic standards will be set up for public and private higher education organizations.
8. The educational establishments will likewise cap fees charged.
9. Higher education institutions and Universities will hold common entrance exams for admission.
10. In terms of the flexibility of subjects, there will be multidisciplinary and holistic education as per ministry announced.
11. They added administrative, financial, and graded independence of institutions.
12. E-courses will be created in provincial dialects; virtual labs will be created and a National Instructive Innovation Discussion (NETF) is being made.
13. There are more than 45,000 subsidiary universities in our nation. Under reviewed self-sufficiency, scholastic, regulatory, and budgetary independence will be given to colleges, as per the status of their accreditation.
14. On basic numeracy and basic literacy National mission will be focused.
15. Significant changes have been declared in the instructive structure of the educational program with no unbending detachment between streams; all partitions among professional and scholarly and curricular and extra-curricular will likewise be evacuated.
16. Students will be assessed on the National Assessment Centre- ‘PARAKH’
HRD higher education secretary Amit Khare said at the press briefing that NEP 2020 intends to build the Gross Enrolment Proportion in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% in 2018 to half by 2035. They are planning to add 3.5 crore new seats to higher education institutions.