The birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of India, is being celebrated on 11 November as National Education Day all over the country. From 1947 to 1958, Abul Kalam served as the first Education Minister of independent India.
On 11 September 2008, the Ministry of Human Resource Development (now Ministry of Education) announced, the Ministry has concluded to celebrate the birthday of this great son. By remembering his contribution to the field of education in India.
Abul Kalam was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca. Also celebrated as National Education Day. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s family moved to Calcutta to furnish him with a fairer education. His excellent education reflects his work as a journalist and a poet.
In 1912, Azad started a weekly journal called Al-Hilal to criticize British policies. After this was banned, he began another weekly, al-Baghah, after which the British government banned him under defense rules in 1916.
Abul Kalam Ghua m Muhiuddin is responsible for constructing the modern education system of the country. During his phrase as Minister of Education the initial IITs, IISc, School of Planning and Architecture, and University Grants Commission were founded.
The vastly well-known cultural, literary academies, including the Lalit Kala Akademi, Sahitya Akademi, Sangeet Natak Akademi, as well as the Indian Council for Cultural Relations were also erected.