The World Health Organization (WHO), Chief scientist Dr. Saumya Swaminathan said that India might be entering the endemic stage of coronavirus. This means that the severe cases might go down but it never gets over.
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WHAT IS AN ENDEMIC STAGE?
It refers to a stage wherein the outbreaks of a disease might be partially present. It might have repeated outbreaks but only to a particular area and Population. However, the virus remains predictable to a certain extent, the experts added. According to the US, Centers for disease control and prevention. An endemic is a continuous presence of a disease in a population under a particular geographic area.
Whereas, an epidemic is a state wherein the virus is present in different countries and continents. It affects a huge amount of population in an epidemic state. In March 2020 Coronavirus was declared as an epidemic. As it began spreading in different continents. According to Dr. Heymann, becoming an endemic is a natural progression that comes in the virus with time, especially in the human body.
Examples of Endemic include, Spanish Flu in the United States. Malaria in Africa, Middle East, Asia, Latin America, and Chicken Pox in many countries.
COVID COULD BE THE NEXT ENDEMIC ??
Many experts have said that covid can be the next endemic. As it is changing its strains and will continue to develop new strains. This could be the process of an endemic.
” We’re at a stage of transformation from an epidemic to an endemic at least in the US, said the Pfizer board member.
However, will the vaccination shots be required every year remains unanswered? As, well as Booster shots are also a subject of debate.
However, presently both the Pfizer and Moderna Efficacy are falling rapidly with each new strain. In Israel, studies show that booster shots of Pfizer are increasing immunity by 60% in humans.
However, even if the coronavirus becomes an endemic few precautions must be taken. This might include using face masks whenever in public, using sanitizer. And above all keeping Hygiene and maintaining social distancing.
If we follow the above rules, even in the present situation. Covid can differently be controlled and it might even help in bringing the students back to campus. Starting the classes in offline mode.