Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT Delhi) researchers have created a ‘Hydrogen-fuelled Spark-Ignition Engine Generator’. This generator gives zero-emission. Moreover, it is more environmentally friendly as compared to diesel-fuelled engine generators.
The Engines and Unconventional Fuels Laboratory, IIT Delhi, has developed this technology in collaboration with Kirloskar Oil Engines Limited (KOEL), and the Indian Oil R&D Centre.
IIT Delhi said in a statement that a Diesel-fuelled internal combustion engine generator for electrical power generation generally emits Hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), Smoke, Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) Particulate Matter (PM), and Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions increasing air pollution.
The generator manufactured by IIT utilizes hydrogen in internal combustion engines. It is for zero-emission with higher thermal efficiency. An affectionate greasing oil for the engine was also formulated by the IOCL.
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Dr. K A Subramanian is a principal investigator of the project and professor at the Centre for Energy Studies, IIT-D. He said as Hydrogen does not have carbon, the hydrogen-fuelled engine does not radiate any carbonaceous emissions. The emission oxides of nitrogen can be regulated to ultra-low level operating the relevant technologies.
IIT Delhi said Hydrogen is free as a substantial product from industries containing ammonia, chloro-Alkali, and refineries. Hydrogen can also be generated from the splitting of water operating electrolytes. Coupled with renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass. The extra electricity can be restored into hydrogen using the electrolyze. Then, the electricity can be generated using this engine whenever needed such as meeting peak load demand, no short-term grid power available, emergency.
The association said the hydrogen engine can be consumed in decentralized power generation for buildings, industries.
Subramanian mentioned that if hydrogen infrastructure can be created and made accessible in the future. The diesel generators can displace hydrogen generators for electrical power production. It will benefit to regulate air pollution, especially in urban areas.