New Delhi: The HRD Ministry (Ministry of Human Resource Development) has projected a requirement of Rs 2,306.4 crore for developing online courses/programs over 5 years. This request has been made by the HRD Ministry because of the disruption in academic activities because of the coronavirus outbreak.
The HRD Ministry made its presentation to the 15th Finance Commission on Monday. In its presentation, the Ministry presented a requirement of Rs 55,840 crore. This requirement has been made by them to provide ICT facilities to the 3.10 lakh government schools. The government has also proposed to provide digital devices to 40% of students in higher education over the next five years.
In addition to this requirement, the Ministry also stated the cost requirement required for safety in school according to the COVID-19 guidelines. This requirement is Rs 1,000 per teacher. The requirement for media and community mobilization is Rs 1,500 per school. The safe school operational grants for each school up to 100 students is Rs 2,500. Those schools which have 1,000 or more than 1,000 students will be given up to Rs 1 lakh.
In its presentation before the Commission, the HRD ministry projected a requirement of Rs 10.37 lakh crore for the education sector. This requirement includes Rs 4 lakh crore for higher education and Rs 6.37 lakh crore for literacy and school education. This demand has been made by the HRD ministry for the next five years.
In its presentation for higher education, the Ministry has stated that the major challenges are multiple regulatory agencies, lack of holistic education, and flexibility in the choice of subjects and curriculum. The reason for all this is the lack of appropriate policy and funding required to meet the challenges which are emerging.
According to the presentation, the proposed reforms will focus on increasing the present gross enrolment ratio from 28% to 50% by the year 2035. More programs will be delivered in Indian languages, there will be multiple entries and exit options during study and education will be technology-driven.
The Ministry has projected a financial requirement of Rs 4 lakh crore to implement the Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Program (EQUIP) from the year 2020-21 to 2025-26.
There were several reform strategies that were presented to the Commission. Many proposals were made in relation to
- the National Education Policy 2020. An additional Rs 1.13 lakh crore has been asked for by the department of school education and literacy for the implementation of the policy.
The Commission will make final recommendations to the government based on this discussion.